Lavrion (known in the 19th century and Lavrion Studios) is a small town in the southeastern part of Attica and Lavrion Municipality headquarters. It is known from classical antiquity to the mining of silver, which was one of the main sources of income for the city-state of Athens, for the production of coins and the financing of the Athenian fleet.
part of the city has been declared a traditional settlement. Lavrion can be characterized as a place of great historical and monumental density.
Lavrio port available. In recent years, allocated significant resources for the restoration and expansion of the port. In this context also modernized the road that connects it to the airport and therefore the capital. Lavrion was once a flourishing industrial city with many industries, but after the final closure of the mines (about 1980) and most industries as a result of the general de-industrialization of the country went through a period of economic crisis and increased unemployment. The main occupation of the residents is to work in small industries and crafts. Due to the relatively short distance from the Koropi area (about 30 km.), Which is an industrial center, a significant number of residents working there.
Lavrion is located 40 km SE of Athens (60 km. Drive) and 7 km north of Cape Sounion.
The modern city has been built around the harbor and facing east to the island of Makronissos (formerly Helena Island).
The town of Lavrio, built entirely from the beginning of 1865, based on premium street plan, adorned with large squares, woods, open spaces, and many important neoclassical buildings. Feature is the number of palm trees adorning the avenues, squares and above all the famous grove of Kyprianou known to the natives as “Perivolakia” now as “Palm”. Things are pretty neoclassical buildings, such as offices of the first mining company in the harbor now house the town hall, the old Town Hall building (now CSC and Historical Archive), the building of music lovers club (now Cultural Centre), the old building a Primary School, the building of “Efterpi” which housed the homonym Philharmonic, the Fish Market, and many other private buildings. Remarkable are the churches and the restored historic industrial buildings that are now mainly occupied by cultural activities such as the Machine and Foundry Company of Lavrion Mining and of course the Lavrion Technological and Cultural Park (TPPL) NTUA housed on site the once mighty French Mining Company of Lavrion (Compagnie Française des Mines du Laurium).